Saturday, August 14, 2010

Kurniaan yang tidak Ternilai




Maktab Rendah Sains Mara
Taiping, Perak

Topic
Social Problem Lead to Abandon Babies
Category
Field Work
By:
1. Nurul Aiman Nadzirah Bt Abdullah Sani 10038 404
2. Nur Syamimi Haziqa Bt Adnan 10068 404
3. Azizul Akram Bin Hamzah 10145 404







INTERVIEW FORM
Name :¬¬¬_________________________________________
Abandon babies and abortion
1. Do you think that social problems in Malaysia nowadays becomes even more serious?
Yes No
2. Where do you think the crime of abandon of babies happen the most?
rural area urban urban area
3. What do you think the main factor of this problem can happen?
• Family:_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
• Friends:_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
4. Do you think that laws in Malaysia are not too strict for the people that do this problem ? Give your opinion.
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
5. Give your suggestion on how to overcome this problem.
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________



6. What is your opinion on people that abandon their babies?
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
7. Do you think that the government should separate school according to gender to overcome these problems? Why?
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
8. Do you think that sex education is needed in school? Why?
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
9. Should parents curfew their children to avoid their children get involve in social problems? Give your opinion.
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
10. What is the the effects of this problem in 10 years time?
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________




ACKNOWLEDGEMENT
After a few weeks of struggling in hardship, at last we manage to complete this project and this thesis was done. A lot of grateful feeling to ALLAH entered the body as this project was manages to be finish by our group. Even this project start with many kinds of challenges, it was manage tp be completed without hurting anyone feeling. In this column our group wants to dedicate uncounted thanks towards person and organisation that had helped us in completing this project. Millions of thanks were given to our parents that have support us from start until the ends of this project. Thousands of thanks were given to our advisor, Miss Farahiyah that shows us the truth path on how to do a thesis. Hundreds of thanks were dedicated to all my friends that had helped us in finishing this project and towards MRSM Taiping that had given s a chance to do this project.









INTRODUCTION
Recently abandon babies issue has become too serious and it seems no ends. Actually this problem had exist a long time ago but only now it catch attention from media side or even from resident side .Sense of humanity had been in low level and it actually gives a big impact to whole community in that area. How could a biological parent abandon their own baby? Even though an animal loves their own child! People nowadays seem does not like to get involves in this problem that spread with fast. Only a few group of our community seriously concern about this problem. The others only sit and waiting for the government or any organisation to take an action about this problem. If we can see today, social problem has become worst. Generally, teenagers with ages 13-20 years old had gives birth before they undergo a marriage. This happened from having an illegal sex that they done with or without willing to do it. We also can say that this problem roots from relationship which no limits or eventually they do not take care of their limitation in having a relationship between different genders. Parents also should take part in this problem in order to avoid this problem before it become more serious and dangerous. The purpose of this thesis is increase awareness among people about the effects to the citizen if there is no action taken to solve this problem. This thesis also based on observation that had been made since it got to do with current issue in our country today. In order to have a peaceful and harmony environment it should starts from an individual, a family, a community and last but not least that country itself. Each person should contribute in all campaign that either government or NGO had planned.


OBJECTIVES
• To let people know what abandon babies are all about.
• To investigate what are the main factors of this problem.
• To give knowledge to the community about how to prevent this problem from it become worst.
• Identify all the effects of abandon babies.
• To ensure youth today have strong principal and not easily influence by the others.
• Build sense of humor and responsible deep inside a person.










¬¬¬¬¬¬¬¬¬¬¬¬¬¬¬¬¬¬The Social Problem
1.1 FACTORS
Nowadays, the percentage of abandon babies has been increasing seriously. Each day, there would be a news about abandon babies either in newspaper or in the news by itself. This shows that this problem has become a common thing for our community nowadays especially among the teenagers.
Abandon babies usually happens when a person get involve in a serious social problems such as illegal racing, drugs, smokes and etc. Usually, this problem happen when a person got caught in a family problem such as the parents always quarrelling in front of their children, children do not get enough attention or love from their parents, parents were too busy with their career and many more. With this, the children will try to find a way to release their stress since their house are not peaceful for them to live.

Family break-ups also can lead to this problem to happen. This will happen after a long period of misunderstandings, fighting and unhappiness. Sometimes they happen suddenly and it is hard to understand why there needs to be change at all. Children are mostly affected by this kind of situation. If both their mother and father decided to a divorce and one cannot raise their child alone, tendency is that they will abandon their child. This child will become homeless and found himself alone. Situations like these will caused the children to feel stressed up and makes them to find a way to release the stress. One of the way the children can release their stress is by hanging out with their friends or their boyfriend and girlfriend or by taking drugs and etc.

Effects from this scenario is social problems in our country will become even worst. When a person starting to get involve in drugs, they would feel unconscious and they might do anything without realise it.

Poverty is also another factor that causes child abandonment. Persons in cultures with poor social welfare systems who are not financially capable of taking care of a child are more likely to abandon him/her. Political conditions, such as difficulty in adoption proceedings, may also contribute to child abandonment, as can the lack of institutions, such as orphanages, to take in children whom their parents cannot support.

Societies with strong social structures and liberal adoption laws tend to have lower rates of child abandonment. Psychologists believe that even short-term abandonment can damage a child’s emotional and social development. “Even short separations could have a negative effect on the child’s ability to form close relationships,” said Dr Michael Boulton, a child psychologist at the University of Keele. “Babies often form attachments with their mother before birth. They know their mother’s smell and turn to them when anxious or distressed. If they suddenly find they have gone it can be very damaging.”Dr Boulton said that mothers who abandon their children normally do so under desperate circumstances. “Having one’s first child is the most stressful experience someone can go through. Young mothers can be vulnerable, especially if they are alone and do not have the experience or social support to cope”.



Some people get involve in these problems because of they had choose the wrong friend. Since friends can give a big influence to them, so they get easily to do what their friend’s say and to follow their bad action and attitude. As an example, a teenager was stress with her or his result in previous examination. One factor that leads to child abandonment is teenage pregnancy.

What is teenage pregnancy?
Teenage pregnancy is defined as a teenage or underage girl becoming pregnant. The pregnancy of teenagers are a mere result of the gratification of sexual urges. That pregnancy might not happen only if studies were prioritized rather than having relationships with the opposite sex. No premarital sex, no early pregnancy. Worst thing about this is that it is the child that will suffer. If not aborted, they are abandoned by their biological parents. This is just like a suck thing!

Religious education from parents about the children or the over-parenting? But parents can not be blamed for one hundred percent in this case. This is because some of the parents who give proper religious education to their children, but when growing up and the children take their own course, all the teachings of their parents will forget little by little. Then the children started to act wild without parental supervision.




Perhaps it is due to advances in technology and electronic and print media in the days now that a lot of exposure to sexual and material that are not beneficial to the youth. Film screening sexual nature by the electronic media, the spread of pornographic VCDs and pictures in the internet is a source that also led to a trapped sex valley leading to the birth
of an illegitimate child as well as entertainment programs extremely spread out in the community.

Thus showing that development process implemented in our country is not balanced position. There is something wrong in the social development program. Similarly the education system has fail to contain a variety of system and unhealthy activities among school children. The result is a lecturer in UKM that almost all respondents girls in secondary schools in the state had to have sex is the strongest foundation to show irregularities that occurred in the education system and social development.

One of the symptoms of disposable baby shows that our society increasingly lost civilization of humanity and fairies so they no longer feel sad with what is being struck.
Otherwise throw away the baby is seen as a symptom of a common phenomenon and the price to be paid to achieve developed nation status and community up to date. Orientation of these ideas need to be corrected. That can be corrected is given the authority and mandate to manage the direction and conduct of this country.



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1.2 EFFECTS

One of the effects from this problem is government has to play their role to establish more orphanage to overcome this problem. Instead of wasting money from build more orphanage house, the government can use the money to develop the rural area in this country or to build more low cost living area since nowadays the numbers of poor people in Malaysia is increasing seriously as the number of people with no job is also increase.

Next effect for this problem is, the babies would not have the nationality of the country because we do not know who is the actual parents of the abandon baby since the baby do not have any born certificate or birth document that show any of the baby identity. As the baby grown to teenager, the teenager would find hard to get him or herself into one of the local university or to get any scholarships for her or his further studies. As the result, the teenager’s future would be destroyed.

Moreover, as the teenager grown into an adult, the adult would find it hard for them to apply for a certain job especially professional career as there is no birth document that said the adult was one of the citizen of the country.

Youth and students should not be sacrificed in order to make Malaysia a developed nation in the western mold. Development should not be measured based on the rapid development, how many high-rise buildings were built, opening a new residential area and the number of graduates who successfully removed by the universities.
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Measures of progress should be based on ethics and values cultures indicators achieved by the people of a country such as the upgrading of the social aspects related to the moral high percentage of literacy knowledge and healthy lifestyle and balanced between physical and spiritual.
Development does not take into account these aspects in fact can not be regarded as progress but it is a setback that resulted in people living in a depressed state with the rising cost of living is not guaranteed. Whether realized or not throw the baby has symptoms of a close relationship with the disease being suffered by our society. Social diseases are connected with the policy is implemented in a country.
Even if it is good policy but its implementation problematic and full of fraud, abuse, bias, corruption and the exploding variety of other policies that are beautiful but ultimately left a big one. And the negative effects that have appeared in our lives in a variety of social depravity so ugly and evil nature.
Besides that, there is on baby abandonment that is effects on individuals, the Baby and society. The effect of individuals is cause by illegal way of aborting the child and left a bad effect on them because of the wrong path, they use to abort the baby just like herbs and alcoholic substances. So, the individual will have high risk of death caused by bleeding and infection on mothers womb's.
A professional consultant Gynecology, Prof. Dr. Harlina Halizah Siraj, from "Hospital Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia"(HUKM),said this illegal abortion does not take into account the health's aspects could cause harm because it does not follow the procedure that are conducted by unprofessional groups. Another way is dangerous and is not clean by inserting foreign objects into the womb. Women involved who do abortion without proper medical procedures take high risks facing death following infection and bleeding in the uterus.
In addition, it is potentially experiencing bleeding in the stomach which can cause the woman unconscious or worse death. Womb also suffered injuries when doing an abortion because those who perform them are traditionally not qualified will use sharp objects such as wood, twigs or wooden sticks.

Bleeding sometimes cannot be detected quickly, but take a long time. There are not aware of them until they bleed unconscious. Dr Zainul said, the long period of time, it is difficult for pregnant women to do abortion because the process can also cause bowel and uterus problems when sticks channel ovarian one clogged.

If a woman is pregnant she may experience a pregnancy outside the womb. For those who had suffered injuries before, the uterus can rupture according to the statistics of death among infants who are not removed by those spontaneously and cause death.

Otherwise, the effects of abortion also can cause psychological effects on the mental and emotions after marriage, especially depression, especially when age is often thought of as the content is never removed. Dysphonic effects include experience in the womb, which raised pain more than experience during the menstrual process.





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1.2.1 Effects on infants:

• Infant mortality rate is higher due to the medical check is not perfect.
• According to statistics, infant mortality by irresponsible person in two years ago had increased 135 cases from 2008 to 2009.
• Cause contempt regarded by society by adult difficult for school because there is no birth registration.



1.2.2 Effects in society:

• Cause the abortion will be mimicked by others.
• Most cases of abandonment in the country are using the same way that removes a new born baby into the trash. This shows there is replication of their cruel to remove the baby into the trash.
• The cases are becoming wide.
• Negative views from the society.




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In addition, pregnancy and abandonment of babies among teenagers can brings down the family honour. This will cause the parents get angry with their child’s action since it will brings the child to get pregnant that makes the family humiliate. As an example, if a teenager from a big, wealthy and well known family has pregnant and had decided to abandon her baby into the dumpster, the family reputation will be ruined as the community know about the child’s action.

Abandonment of babies can happen when two different gender had a illegal sex which is before the marriage. When a person do illegal sex without knowing any of the side effect is the girl would feel guilty and feel that she does not ready to take the responsibility as a mother, without thinking further the girl would take the easiest way to solve her problem which is by dumping her baby into the dustbin or many more.











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2.0 WAYS TO OVERCOME

To address the problem of dumping of babies, the government has no choice but to strengthen the family institution as an important element in the process of social development. To achieve this, the religious education should be given priority by giving encouragement and support to enable religious schools.

The authorities should review the penalties provided for those who remove the baby. For example, heavy penalties such as suspension and whipping should be implemented in an effort to curb this phenomenon is the continued widespread and continues to be a thorn in the flesh of all parties, including yourself, family, community, and nation. Upon completion of their suspended sentence to remove the baby, sure many people will be scared and think twice to commit this crime. When the two actors (men and women) sentenced to hanging until death, this will definitely feeling more alert and responsible at the heart of the public. This will reduce the social ills that happen and at the same time to avoid the perpetrator committed relationship without marriage first.

When the social ills does not occur, then the removal of cases the baby out of wedlock will not happen.
Next, the implementation of whipping the actors will lead the public, especially those who like to connect without the prior marriage and would be afraid they will not commit crimes of this baby dumping.

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By whipping, the offender will be sentenced by the number of stripes should be removed as a baby and this will cause some of the veins and eventually they will give their bodies to make the weak and less alive. Members of the public who are afraid to repeat a similar offense would prevent from committing these crimes and crimes at the same time baby waste can be constrained from further happening and a bad image to people.
Next is, by closing all the discos in Malaysia. As we all know, disco in everywhere is a place for people to have their social life. As we all know, at the disco there must be drugs, alcoholic drinks, GROs and many more. These types of entertainment can cause a person to feel like in the heaven and caused them cannot think rationally.
Moreover, the government has to take a serious action to combat the drugs problem in Malaysia. Drugs is a material fact that can eliminate a person’s thinking. If a person got caught in drugs, it can drag a person to get trap in the social problem such as can get a person to get pregnant that can lead to the abandon babies.
Government launched the campaign "We Prihatin" on March 22 last by the Ministry of
Women Family and Community, following the disposal of cases of serious child.
Offenders should be sentenced to throw the baby weight, commensurate with the offense that they do. Children Act 2001 (child Act) - Act 611: Section 17 - Children who cast will be protected and preserved. Section 46-Parents can get help or advice about their child that cannot be controlled properly. This child will be detained, where permitted under the authority of the court. Under the crime bill Malaysia dumping baby who will be sentenced to imprisonment for 20 years.


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According to Ustaz Shabri from the Lembaga Penduduk Dan Pembangunan Keluarga Negara (LPPKN), there are many ways to overcome this problem not only the teen pregnancy but also the social problems.

First of all we need to love our parents and generate a close relationship to them. When we loved our parents too much, automatically we are not willing to hurts their feeling. Based on some research from the Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, usually people that do social problem do not have a good relationship between neither with their family nor with their parents.

Next, the person must think before taking any action. With this, not only we can prevent the abandonment babies problem but also can reduce the percentage of social problem happen in Malaysia as the person would think ahead such as what is the effects if he or she do this or what is the advantage or the disadvantage if he or she do this.








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Percentage of abandon babies from the National Registration Department

Diagram 1 shows the pie chart of percentage of abandon babies trough out year 2000-July of 2008
Religions Number of abandon babies
Muslims 30978
Indians 18085
Buddhist 17236
Christians 3395
Total of abandon babies between 2000-July2008 69694


Diagram 2 shows the table of number of abandon babies based on religions
STATES NUMBER OF ABANDON BABIES FROM 2005-JAN OF 2010
SELANGOR 83
JOHOR 83
SABAH 65
SARAWAK 34
NEGERI SEMBILAN 24
PULAU PINANG 22
PERAK 19
PAHANG 17
KEDAH 17
KELANTAN 10
TERENGGANU 5
MELAKA 5
PERLIS 1
TOTAL 385







Synopsis
The problem of abandon babies is not a new issue. This problem had occurred since the day our country grab the independence from the British colony. Nowadays this problem seems to be more serious. The teenagers that involved in this problem should be punished for doing this illegal activity. The statistic that produced by the Bukit Aman Police Department state that Selangor shows the highest case of abandon babies followed by Johor and Sabah as the second and third highest rate of abandon babies. From the statistic that announced by the Police Department, when the urbanisation of a state or a country is not parallel to the self attitude generation it will lead to any types of social problems as well as illegal sex that will cause the teenagers(girls) to be pregnant. The government, society, parents, and as well as the teenagers should take proper actions to overcome this problem especially the abandon of babies before become worst. Teenagers have to be well prepared whether in physical development or mental development so they will not or hard to be influenced in this illegal activity. Parents should develop these skills since their children was small until they reach adolescent. In the National Population Conference in 2007 a study in the Klang Valley have a baby removed every 10 days and the more disturbing incidents not only occur in big cities but increasingly spreading to villages and rural areas. This is clearly evidenced from the recent cases of baby dumping cases reported occurred in rural areas. According to Deputy Women, Family and Community, Noriah Kasnon of 304 cases have been reported to remove the baby between 2004 and 2007, involving 117 baby boys, baby girls, while the remaining 96 unknown gender as rotting corpses.


According to statistics that published by the Police Headquarter in Bukit Aman a total of 50 cases recorded about the abandonment of babies from January to September 2008 the pair recorded the highest number of Malay 36%. Statistics, on the dying and clearly shows how un-horrible problems that have plagued our society babies every day, and when an increasingly day to day without showing the rate of decline.
Based on the statistics of the National Registration Department, circa 2000 to 2008 there were 257,000 children registered in the name of the father and has no more sad when the year 1999 to 2003 alone, 44% of children do not have the name of the father is a Muslim child that is 30.978 from 70.430 children registered.















Conclusion
The problem of abandonment of babies is definitely not a good way for the community nowadays to overcome unwanted pregnancy since it can bring many effects to the society especially the people that involved in the teen pregnancy and abandonment of babies. The free life style of our teenagers today had cause our teenagers confuse between the do and the don’t. As a responsible people, the societies have to take instant action to prevent this problem before it becoming worst. The baby that was killed by the teenagers does not has any sin and the people that doing this illegal activity have to understand that the baby want to live too. Just think what is your feeling when our beloved parent throw us in the garbage, in a bush, and at the graveyard. Proper actions have to be taken to ensure not only the problem of teen pregnancy and the abandonment of babies but also all the social problem that involved teenagers.







TABLE OF CONTENTS
NO. TITLE PAGE
1 SYNOPSIS 1-2
2 INTRODUCTION 3
3 THE OBJECTIVES 4
4 THE SOCIAL PROBLEM
5
5 THE ABANDONMENT OF BABIES
-Factors
-What is teen pregnancy
-Effects
-to the infant
-to the society
-Ways to overcome
-Statistics From PDRM
-



6-18
6 CONCLUSION 19
7 ACKNOWLEDGEMENT 20
8 REFERENCES 21
9 APPENDIX







APPENDIX










PICTURE 1
A baby was found at a field near the playground.


PICTURE 2
A baby was found at a garbage behind a house.


PICTURE 3
A baby was found in a pail.


PICTURE 4
A baby was found in bushes near a playground.


PICTURE 5

A baby was found in a plastic bag in a toilet.






















ACKNOWLEDGEMENT










SYNOPSIS










INTRODUCTION












THE OBJECTIVES












REFERENCES
1.Berita Harian Online,”Suara MPP Pembuangan Bayi’, http:///C:/Users/Public/Documents/Berita%20Harian%20Online%20%20%20Suara%20MPP%20%20Pembuangan%20bayi.htm

2. Harakah Daily.net,’Gejala Buang bayi, petanda masyarakat semakin sakit’, http:///HarakahDaily.Net%20-%20Gejala%20buang%20bayi,%20petanda%20masyarakat%20makin%20sakit.htm

3. Malaysiakini,’Tangani Segera Kes Buang Bayi’, http:///Malaysiakini.com/Tangani%20segera%20kes%20buang%20bayi%20-%20Malaysiakini.htm

4. Jiwa Rakyat,’Baby Abandonment among Teenagers in Malaysia’, http:///www.jiwarakyat.com/Baby%20Abandonment%20among%20teenagers%20in%20Malaysia.htm

5. Borneo Post Online,’Polis Tahan Wanita Berhubung Kes Buang Bayi’, http:///www.borneopostonline.com/Polis%20tahan%20wanita%20berhubung%20kes%20buang%20bayi%20-%20Berita%20Tempatan%20_%20BorneoPost%20Online%20_%20Borneo%20,%20Malaysia,%20Sarawak%20Daily%20News.htm

6. Motivational talk by Ustaz Shabri from Lembaga Penduduk dan Pembangnan Keluarga Negara(LPPKN),’Seminar Sayangi Diri(PSIKOLOGI DAN KESEJAHTERAAN MENTAL),21 July 2010(Wednesday),Dewan Arif Budiman PPD Taiping, Taiping, Perak.





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